Estimate of future demand needed to be produced to fill orders or inventory

Fulfillment (Fulfill)

The point at which an order is complete; produced, packaged and shipped.

GMA Pallet

Grocery Pallet (or GMA pallet) is built to the specifications of the Grocery Manufacturer’s Association. It is basically a 4-way pallet that is 40 inches wide, by 48 inches deep, by 5 inches high with deck boards and bottom boards mounted flush with the outside stringer.

Gravity Conveyor

Conveyor, usually with wheels or rollers that uses gravity to move items.

Guidance Systems

Guidance systems are used on automated guided vehicles through plants, especially in very-narrow-aisle storage areas. Wire-guided and Rail-guided systems tend to be the most common, but others include laser, optical systems, and magnetic tape.


Path over which an AGV travels. Often such a path contains a guidewire, tape or painted route. Required for communication with the guidance system.

High-Density Storage

Storage in which pallets or cartons are stored more than one unit deep or high. Examples include double-deep selective rack, drive-in, push back, carton flow and pallet flow.


The unused pallet positions in high-density storage that result when the number of unit-loads for an item does not completely fill the storage lane. Since mixing SKUs in high-density storage is normally not done, these unused pallet positions are not available to store other materials.

I/O (Input/Output)

All activities used to move data in and out of a processor computer.  Also known as Pickup/Deposit station.

Intersecting Aisle (transverse aisle, header aisle)

An aisle perpendicular to a right angle stacking aisle used by material handling equipment to travel between right angle stacking aisles

Inventory Control

A complete inventory management system includes stock levels, stock locations, reorder points, balance-on-hand, item physical description, rotation, etc.

Inventory Turn

Number of times inventory is replenished in a specific time period (usually a year as a timeframe); generally calculated by dividing the average inventory level (or current inventory level) into the annual inventory usage.

1 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 18